History of Medicine: from Art to Science

Key information

  • Dates: November 27 - 28, 2021
  • Location: Nafplio (Greece)
  • Organized by: CHS Greece
  • Open to: All (up to 14 participants)
  • Application Period:  October 8 - November 4, 2021
  • Language: Greek
  • Academic Coordination: Niki Papavramidou (Associate Professor/Chair of the Museum of the History of Medicine, School of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki)
  • Activity Administration: Matina Goga (CHS Greece)

About the workshop


In the context of the annual Workshop Series 2021-2022, CHS in Greece offers for the first time the “History of Medicine: from Art to Science” workshop.

History of Medicine is an integral part of the History of Science. It sheds light on how we have reached the point where we are today, it offers numerous examples of right and wrong choices in exercising medicine. It narrates how we learned what we learned, why research is important, and why conducting it is difficult. It teaches us modesty since there were countless dead ends and mistakes by genuinely intelligent people. History shows us how mistakes can lead to knowledge and why it is important to address research questions with falsification instead of simply apposing facts to avoid fallacy. It is impossible to look forward while ignoring history, mistakes from the past, and the stages medicine went through to progress from art to science. The workshop will shed light on those stages, traversing centuries and milestones in its history.

Thematic areas – the structure of the workshop

The workshop aims to highlight aspects of the evolution of Medicine through the centuries, its interaction with philosophy, society, economy, as well as to focus on the method by which it is appropriate to approach the history of science and medicine.

The approach will be structured on the following thematic areas:

  • Medicine in antiquity:
    • Primitive medicine
    • Medicine in Homeric poems
    • Medicine at Asclepieia
    • Philosophy's contribution to medicine
    • Hippocratic Medicine: the first attempt to rationalize medicine
    • Alexandrian period (the contribution of Herophilus and Erasistratus)
    • Epistemology and medical schools of antiquity
  • The Roman period: regression in perspectives and practices
  • Galen: his contribution to medicine
  • The status of the doctor in ancient societies
  • Byzantine medicine: the foundation of the first hospitals – medicine of philanthropy
  • Arabic medicine: preservation of the ancient Greek knowledge and its transmission to the first medical schools in Spain
  • Western Middle Age: prohibitions and epidemics
  • The evolution of Medicine


Participation in the workshop is offered free of charge. Prospective applicants are not required to have any prior knowledge about the topics to be discussed. They are invited to submit a brief description of their aspirations and motive to apply, along with their communication details and status.

*In the event applications exceed the number of 14, the selection of the participants will be made by the academic coordinator, based on their interest and motivation to participate, as described in the application form. Priority will be given to applicants who have not participated in other CHS workshops in the past.

CHS Greece constantly monitors the instructions of Harvard University and the Greek authorities, strictly adhering to all applicable health protocols. In case the relevant regulations and instructions change, CHS Greece will adapt accordingly, immediately informing the workshop's participants.

Read the "History of Medicine: from Art to Science" Workshop description in Greek.